United Nations has stated that at least one million species could disappear in the near future. Each year they are added to an endless red list.
Despite the efforts that many environmentalists and states have made for their conservation, many species have been declared extinct in the last decade.
Earth could be home to between 5 and 10 million species, according to estimates, of which researchers have cataloged less than two million. United Nations said at least one million species could disappear.
However, the threat to survival situation in which many species are found also endangers the ecosystems on which we depend to live. Scientists estimate that species are going extinct 1,000 times faster than they should.
Species usually become extinct (usually) because of human activity. We make their habitats disappear, introduce invasive species that kill them, contaminate their spaces, eat them or hunt them for other purposes or indirectly harm the places where they live through the effects of climate change.
These are some of the rare species that the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has officially declared extinct in the last 10 years.
If we look at what happened to species on the Hawaiian Islands, we see that this serves as one of the most notable examples of the danger at human hands.
This species was a small, long-bent finch that ate insects and nectar, but became extinct due to bird diseases and humans clearing the forest. IUCN declared the species extinct in 2016.
Scientists working in the Australian desert have collected a single copy of Bettongia anhydra, a cross between a rat and a kangaroo, so we know little about where and how it lived.
It was last seen in 1933 and was probably prey to invading feral cats and invading foxes. IUCN declared it extinct in 2016.
The large, predatory land beetle was endemic to the high-altitude forests of Pico, an island of the Azores in the Atlantic. Naturalists last registered it in 1859, and since then no exhaustive studies have been conducted. IUCN declared it extinct in 2018.
It was a small lizard that was once found on a granite outcrop in the Uruguayan coastal town of Cabo Polonio. Naturalists have not recorded any since 1977, and may have died from growing human disturbance by tourism during the lizard's breeding season.
IUCN declared it extinct in 2016.
This dog-sized canid lived in the herbaceous habitats of the Pampas and Patagonia in South America.
Archaeologists have found it in tombs dating from the second millennium BC and may have been kept as a mascot. It is unclear when it was actually extinguished, radiocarbon dating suggests that it was between 326 and 496 years ago, while a dog that matches its description appears in 19th-century journals. Hunting and competition with domestic dogs are likely to blame for the extinction of this species, which was added to the IUCN list of extinct species in 2015.
Naturalists once registered this orchid in the dry hills of Bhutan in 1859 and it has not been registered since. The cause of extinction is unclear, but perhaps due to the development of roads in the area. IUCN declared the plant extinct in 2017.
This flowering plant lived on the islands of Cape Verde and only one specimen was collected in 1787. There is little suitable habitat for it, so IUCN declared it extinct in 2017.
Scientists only know of this kind of reptile that it probably died out at least 300 years, if not more.
The possibility of what could have been around the last 1,500 years led IUCN to add it to the extinction list in 2019.
Bermuda Night Heron
Wading bird bones appeared on the Bermuda Islands that belonged to a species of heron that may have lived on the islands.
Bermuda Night Heron
However, hunting and feral cats probably brought it to an end. The UINC declared it extinct in 2014.
. (tagsToTranslate) extinct species (t) list of species that have become extinct in recent years (t) extinct species